A Brief Introduction to Terran Philosophy
Terran consciousness has developed in the past century from many sources and is therefore draws on some of the same sources as other newer ideologies such as Gaiaism, Cosmism, and Transhumanism. Each of these ideologies can be interpreted different ways, although both Cosmism and Transhumanism are generally considered to be inspired by the writings of Federov in the late 1800s. Federov himself saw his concept of the Common Task as a new interpretation of Christian ideology, and therefore some might consider the ideologies that developed from his writings as Christian off-shoots. Nevertheless Cosmism, Transhumanism, and Terran beliefs are all quite different from mainstream Christian beliefs. Terran beliefs are not inconsistent with the teachings of Jesus found in the Gospels, especially the oldest: The Gospel of Thomas, however are generally inconsistent with older Jewish and later Pauline sections of the Bible. Terran philosophy places the responsibility of building an Earthly paradise as envisioned by Jesus and other ancient philosophers on the shoulders of humanity, not in the hands of a deity.
Gaiaism is a branch of neo-Pagan ideology that draws primarily from Gaia Hypothesis as developed by Lovelock and others in the past few decades, and the Great Mother Goddess concept developed by Gimbutas and others in the past century. Like the Gaiaists, Terran philosophy accepts Lovelock’s Gaia Hypothesis as a logical explanation of the planet’s maintenance of a stable biosphere for the past 2.3 billion years, as well as the maintenance of the earlier anaerobic biosphere for 1.5 billion years. Terrans generally differ somewhat from the Gaiaists in the interpretation of the Earth as a Goddess. Terrans and Gaiaists all generally view the planet as a macro-organism; a massive life-form which we are all part of. Gaiaists generally interpret this on a spiritual level as a supernatural being, while Terrans generally interpret this organism as natural and scientifically comprehensible. Simply put: Gaia is generally interpreted by Gaiaists as a super-natural neo-Pagan deity, while Terra is interpreted by Terrans as an anthropomorphism of the Earth’s biosphere. Terran philosophy also differs from Gaiaism in that Terrans place more importance on the actions of individuals, whereas Gaiaism places more onus on the actions of the collective. Neither view is inherently incorrect; Terrans are simple more pragmatic than Gaiaists; while Gaiaists are generally more spiritually-motivated than Terrans. Terran philosophy does also draw on the writings of other thinkers that is not found in Gaiasim such as Federov, Tsiolkovsky, Shklovsky, Sagan, and Crick.
Cosmism is a philosophy that developed with the Soviet Union, based largely on the writings of Federov in the late 1800s and and Tsiolkovsky in the early 1900s. Federov developed his own interpretation of Christianity, largely influenced by the concept of manifest destiny. Federov believed that it was the duty of all humanity to build the paradise Jesus had promised, and to use medical science to find ways to extend human life indefinitely, as well as resurrecting those that died. Federov called this the Common Task, as it was something that would effect all lives, and while the ideas might have been far-fetched in the 1800s, both life extension, generally via telomere extension, and resurrection via cloning are currently major fields of medical research. Federov also wrote that it was humanity’s destiny to ultimately colonize the Galaxy, and found a Galactic Empire. While this might have been science-fiction in the 1800s, Federov was not writing fiction, his ideas were philosophical. Federov’s philosophy inspired Tsiolkovsky and Oberth, who are known as the Grandfathers of the Space-Age, as they developed in the early 1900s the mathematics and theories that were later used by the Americans and Soviets in the late 1900s to reach orbit, and send missions to the Moon. Cosmism continued to develop in the later decades of the Soviet Union, into a spiritualist-evolutionary philosophy, that is inconsistent with Terran ideology, however both belief systems do draw inspiration from Federov and Tsiolkovsky’s ideas.
Transhumanism is generally considered an offshoot of earlier Cosmism, that drew from Federov’s view of future human evolution rather than his ideas about galactic colonization. Transhumanism is described as an intellectual movement with a goal of fundamentally transforming the humanity by developing and making widely available technologies to enhance human intellectual, physical, and psychological capacities. As such there are some obvious similarities with the Terran philosophy, however whereas the Transhumans are generally concerned with their own personal evolution, Terrans are concerned with the evolution of the entire human species. Transhumanism has been described as a belief system heavily steeped in Nietzsche’s philosophy of the coming Übermensch, in which the improvement of humanity can take any path: genetic or cybernetic. Conversely the Terran philosophy is focused on genetic improvement, primarily through Liberal Eugenics. In Terran philosophy technology should remain a tool set of humanity, not something humans are dependent on in order for the species to exist.
Why a church? The question is often asked as the philosophy does not require religious overtones, and many adherents came from a non-religious background. The fact is that churches are powerful institutes for manifesting changes to human civilization. Consider the Catholic Church’s impact on civilization viz a viz the collapse of the Roman Empire, the crusades, and conquest of the New World. Given the scope of societal change needed for the human species to survive, a powerful organizational tool is required. An organization is required which can lobby for, and speak on behalf of Terrans; a Church is the logical institute. We have few requirements of our member churches, merely that they are democratically organized, and egalitarian, discriminating against no one, regardless of gender, color, sexual orientation, or physical disability. Members are free to believe anything they wish, however the sacredness of life is considered a central tenant, along with the reverence for the Earth’s biosphere: Terra Mater, our de facto deity.