This ancient story of an artificially lit underground bunker where the best seeds of plants, animals, and humans would be kept, is as strange as the Vedic stories of Svarga. It is difficult to imagine what the seeds of men and the seeds of women were, if not sperm and eggs. Storing sperm and eggs long term would require cryogenics or some similar technology. The reference to the brands wherewith Angra Mainyu stamped the bodies of mortals is believed to be a reference to pockmarks caused by disease, as Angra Mainyu was Avestan spirit of decay and disorder. The references to the people not allowed into the Vara is a clear reference to eugenics, which could explain Neanderthal and Denisovan extinction, as the Neanderthal and Denisovan genes could have been what the Aryans were trying to keep out of the Vara. Neanderthal genes did eventually begin mixing with human genes, but not until well into the glacial period around 60,000 years ago, which would indicate that some humans had left the Vara by that point.(1)Qiaomei Fu, et al. (22 October 2014) Genome sequence of a 45,000-year-old modern human from western Siberia, Nature, Volume 514, Page 445–449
The reference to the seeds and plants being kept inexhaustible as long as men stayed in the Vara, implies they were being grown, perhaps in a hydroponic or aeroponic system. Any civilization capable of building the described Vara, with artificial lighting, and the implied cryogenics and hydroponics would be on par with modern civilization, and yet the story, if true, would need to date back to at least 110,000 years ago,(2)J. Severinghaus and E. Brook (1999) “Abrupt Climate Change at the End of the Last Glacial Period Inferred from Trapped Air in Polar Ice,” Science, Volume 286, Number 5441, Pages 930–934 before Fennoscandia was engulfed in ice-sheets. The implication within the Avesta is that life in the Vara continued for a long time during the Evil Winter:
The implication is that the population was strictly controlled as the Aryans spent multiple generations in the Vara. The following sections of the Avesta include the punishments for crimes such as the breaking of contracts, wherein the criminal was not punished, but rather his gene-pool was punished for up to one thousand years.(4)Avesta, Fargard 4, Translated by James Darmesteter in 1898 The word used for gene-pole was Nabanazdishtas, which translates as “nine degrees of kin.” The type of punishment is translated as “years in Hell”, in the 1898 translation of the Avesta by James Darmesteter. The Gathas have no description of Hell, although the texts of later Zoroastrian faith did eventually describe a land of fire and torture like the Buddhist and Christian Hells. The concept in the Gathas seems to be a banishment to a dark and undesirable land. The Gathas mention people being punished by being sent to “the worst existence” (aŋhu-acišta). It is difficult to imagine the threat of a millennium long punishment being taken seriously today. It is however evident that the law makers believed that the people in the Vara would remain in it for more than 1,000 years.
If the Avestan King Yima the Good Shepherd who lived more than 110,000 years ago, was also the Sumerian King Dumuzid the Shepherd who lived between 126,700 and 90,700 years ago, then the story of the Dumuzid’s abduction ties into the creation of the Vara. The time that both of these stories are set in, also happens to be roughly the time of the genetic bottleneck in human Mitochondrial-DNA and Y-chromosomal DNA, which has been revised to somewhere above 100,000 years since 2011. In 2000, a Molecular Biology and Evolution paper suggested a transplanting model or a ‘long bottleneck’ to account for the limited genetic variation, rather than a catastrophic environmental change.(5)J. Hawks, et al. (January 2000) “Population bottlenecks and Pleistocene human evolution,” Molecular Biology and Evolution, Volume 17, Number 1, Pages 2–22 This would be consistent with suggestions that in sub-Saharan Africa numbers could have dropped at times as low as 2,000, for perhaps as long as 100,000 years, before numbers began to expand again in the Late Stone Age.(6)D. M. Behar, et al. (May 2008) “The dawn of human matrilineal diversity,” American Journal of Human Genetics, Volume 82, Number 5, Pages 1130–40 If the punishment of the people from the Vara was extradition to the surface it would explain the long bottleneck, as families were extradited and then wandered the world looking for a new home. It would also imply that when King Yima/Dumuzid was abducted, all other Homosapiens not in the Vara was abducted as well. Conversely Neanderthals and Denisovans continued to live in the surface, as Homosapien-Neanderthal and Homosapien-Denisovan hybridization appears to have only started around 60,000 years ago, after humans began leaving the Vara.
References [ + ]
|1.||⇑||Qiaomei Fu, et al. (22 October 2014) Genome sequence of a 45,000-year-old modern human from western Siberia, Nature, Volume 514, Page 445–449|
|2.||⇑||J. Severinghaus and E. Brook (1999) “Abrupt Climate Change at the End of the Last Glacial Period Inferred from Trapped Air in Polar Ice,” Science, Volume 286, Number 5441, Pages 930–934|
|3.||⇑||Avesta, Fargard 2.41, Translated by James Darmesteter in 1898|
|4.||⇑||Avesta, Fargard 4, Translated by James Darmesteter in 1898|
|5.||⇑||J. Hawks, et al. (January 2000) “Population bottlenecks and Pleistocene human evolution,” Molecular Biology and Evolution, Volume 17, Number 1, Pages 2–22|
|6.||⇑||D. M. Behar, et al. (May 2008) “The dawn of human matrilineal diversity,” American Journal of Human Genetics, Volume 82, Number 5, Pages 1130–40|