In Europe Indo-European tribes were also migrating southward after the 4.2 Kiloyear Event, with the ancestors of the Greeks settling in modern Greece around 4,100 years ago,(1)Trevor Bryce (2006) The Trojans and their neighbours. Page 91 and adapting the Linear-B script from the earlier Minoan Linear-B script. The Minoans also appear to have been Indo-European people, although they migrated into the region several millennia earlier. According to Dr. Gareth Alun Owens, Associate Professor of Hellenic Culture – History, Language and Civilization:
Another Indo-European tribe migrated into the Middle East around 3,500 years ago settling in the Hurrian lands of modern Syria and northern Iraq, shortly after a war in which the Hittites had decimated Babylonian power in the region.(3)Trevor Bryce (2005) The Kingdom of the Hittites, Page 98 These Indo-Europeans founded the Mitanni Empire, which lasted a couple centuries. While the Indo-European nobility used an Aryan language closely related to the Indo-Iranian languages,(4)David W. Anthony (2007) The Horse The Wheel And Language. How Bronze-Age Riders From the Eurasian Steppes Shaped The Modern World, Page 49 the majority of the population were Hurrians and Assyrians, and therefore the Mitanni adopted the use of the Cuneiform script which had been used in the region for thousands of years.
In each of the lands the Indo-Europeans migrated to, they carried a similar set of myths, that generally included humanity being made by an elder set of gods, who were then usurped by a younger set of gods. This story was recorded in the Greek Titans versus Olympians, and the Vedic Asura versus Divas. The Indo-European pantheons also generally included an epic battle between the gods and one or more serpents or dragons, that often ruled the world before the gods. This story was reflected in the Greek story of Kronos versus Ophion who ruled the world before the Titans seized control, and the Vedic story of Indra versus Vritra. According to the Rigveda, Vritra kept the waters of the world captive until he was killed by Indra, who destroyed all the 99 fortresses of Vritra, and released the rivers of the world, relieving the world of drought. This early Aryan story seems to reflect the environmental transition around 8,000 years ago as the world warmed, and the Eurasian glaciers melted releasing vast quantities of water into the formerly dry Eurasian Steppes. The myths of newer gods driving the old gods from the Earth, and the world once being ruled by serpents or dragons is not unique to Indo-European beliefs, however some details are.
The ancient Indo-Aryan religious texts include a unique story of humanity surviving an ice-age in an underground city for thousands of years. This story includes direct references to the use of artificial lighting and the practice of eugenics, and indirect reference to the use of hydroponics and the long term storage of human reproductive material, presumably via cyrogenics. These ancient Indo-Aryan stories generally included the various gods and other creatures having homes on other planets, orbiting other stars. These planets and stars were named and described such as Svarga,(5)Madan Gopal (1990) K. S. Gautam, editor, India through the ages. Pages 66 which was half way to Vaikunta, which was itself in the constellation of Makara Rashi (Capricorn). These planets are described as having a great many aeroplanes (vimanas) traveling between them; aeroplanes that the gods used to get to the Earth.(6)Bhagavata Purana 2.9.13 It is difficult to imagine what our ancestors were trying to describe, if not ancient extraterrestrial visitors.
References [ + ]
|1.||⇑||Trevor Bryce (2006) The Trojans and their neighbours. Page 91|
|2.||⇑||Crete Gazette (February 1, 2006) "The Language of the Minoans"|
|3.||⇑||Trevor Bryce (2005) The Kingdom of the Hittites, Page 98|
|4.||⇑||David W. Anthony (2007) The Horse The Wheel And Language. How Bronze-Age Riders From the Eurasian Steppes Shaped The Modern World, Page 49|
|5.||⇑||Madan Gopal (1990) K. S. Gautam, editor, India through the ages. Pages 66|
|6.||⇑||Bhagavata Purana 2.9.13|