The homeland of the Gorgons wasn’t described any detail, other than being a forested area, which would have included most of the Sahara at the time. The description of the destruction of the marshland that the “continent-island” of Cherronesus was in, seems reminiscent of the end of Atlantis, as was the record of the Amazonian conquest that followed.
These, then, are the cities she settled along the sea, but others, and a larger number, she planted in the regions stretching towards the interior. She seized also some of the islands, and Lesbos in particular, on which she founded the city of Mitylenê, which was named after her sister who took part in the campaign. After that, while subduing some of the rest of the islands, she was caught in a storm, and after she had offered up prayers for her safety to the Mother of the Gods, she was carried to one of the uninhabited islands; this island, in obedience to a vision which she beheld in her dreams, she made sacred to this goddess, and set up altars there and offered magnificent sacrifices. She also gave it the name of Samothrace, which means, when translated into Greek, “sacred island,” although some historians say that it was formerly called Samos and was then given the name of Samothrace by Thracians who at one time dwelt on it. However, after the Amazons had returned to the continent, the myth relates, the Mother of the Gods, well pleased with the island, settled in it certain other people, and also her own sons, who are known by the name of Corybantes — who their father was is handed down in their rites as a matter not to be divulged; and she established the mysteries which are now celebrated on the island and ordained by law that the sacred area should enjoy the right of sanctuary.
In these times, they go on to say, Mopsus the Thracian, who had been exiled by Lycurgus, the king of the Thracians, invaded the land of the Amazons with an army composed of fellow-exiles, and with Mopsus on the campaign was also Sipylus the Scythian, who had likewise been exiled from that part of Scythia which borders upon Thrace. There was a pitched battle, Sipylus and Mopsus gained the upper hand, and Myrina, the queen of the Amazons, and the larger part of the rest of her army were slain. In the course of the years, as the Thracians continued to be victorious in their battles, the surviving Amazons finally withdrew again into Libya. And such was the end, as the myth relates, of the campaign which the Amazons of Libya made.- Diodorus Siculus (1)Diodorus Siculus (circa 100 AD) Bibliotheca historica, Book 3, Chapter 55:3-11
This account places the story in a time before Egyptian unification, when Upper Egypt was ruled by the Dynasty of the Disciples of Horus between 18,500 and 5,100 years ago, according to Egyptian Mytho-History.(2)Walter. B. Emery (1961) Archaic Egypt: Culture and Civilization in Egypt Five Thousand Years Ago This war sounds similar to Plato’s brief description of the Atlantean conquest of North Africa and the Mediterranean, ultimately being turned back by the Greeks.
There are obvious differences between Plato’s brief account that was apparently heard by Solon at the Temple of Neith in Egypt, and Diodorus’ much more elaborate Libyan mytho-history. The largest singular difference is Diodorus’ claimed that the conquest of North Africa and beyond was done by the Amazons; the Atlantians being a subject people. In Plato’s account the Atlanteans themselves were the aggressors, and there was no mention of a female dominated society. It is possible that these details did not survive in the Egyptian records. It is equally possible that the idea of an all female army sweeping across the known world did not seem believable to the Egyptian priests, and so was not passed on to Solon. It is unlikely that Plato would have included that aspect of the story in his narrative anyway, as he was using the ancient Empire as the setting for his idealized political state, which included gender equality.
References [ + ]
|1.||⇑||Diodorus Siculus (circa 100 AD) Bibliotheca historica, Book 3, Chapter 55:3-11|
|2.||⇑||Walter. B. Emery (1961) Archaic Egypt: Culture and Civilization in Egypt Five Thousand Years Ago|
|3.||⇑||Plato (circa 350 BC) Timaeus, 25a-d|