If one were to accept the hypothesis that the Malaya Mountains were the Malaya Peninsula, then the rest of the narrative reads like a description of the Malay Archipelago, which was clearly known at the time to have been slowly sinking into the sea, and is the correct distance from India. The Pandyas city, would be a clear reference to a Dravidian city, as when the oldest surviving version of the Rāmāyaṇa was complied into the Sanskrit language, the Dravidian peoples of Southern India were ruled by a dynasty called the Pandyan Dynasty.(1)Encyclopedia Britannica: Pandya dynasty (Indian dynasty) www.britannica.com Agastya was an ancient mytho-historical sage, described as a hairy dwarf of incredible strength; his name translates as Mountain-Thrower. Agastya is also the Vedic name for the star Canopus, which is an F-type star, somewhat brighter than the Sun, around 310 light years away.
The Mahendra mountains are again an unknown mountain range, although generally thought to have been somewhere in southern or eastern India by Hindus, however they are said in the Rāmāyaṇa to have sunk into the sea before the time of the Rāmāyaṇa. The inaccessible island 800 miles wide could be a description of Borneo, currently the third largest Island in the world. Even today it is considered one of the world’s most inaccessible places, regardless of the fact there have been humans living there for tens of thousands of years. The Indonesian name for the island is Kalimantan, which was derived from the Sanskrit word Kalamanthana meaning “burning weather island,” used to describe its inhospitably hot and humid tropical weather.(2)Slamet Muljana (2006) Sriwijaya
The partly submerged island Puspitaka with its high mountains, would be an accurate description of the island of Sulawesi, which is essentially just the top of a mountain range that once stood at the eastern edge of Sundaland. The central part of the island is so ruggedly mountainous, that the island’s peninsulas have better connections via sea than by road even today. This island is also home to ancient megalithic statues dating from possibly 5,000 years ago,(3)Ruslan Sangadji (May 6, 2005) “C. Sulawesi’s Lore Lindu park, home to biological wealth” The Jakarta Post and cave paintings that date back to approximately 40,000 years ago.(4)Pallab Ghosh (October 8, 2014) “Cave paintings change ideas about the origin of art” BBC News
Beyond the partly submerged island of Puspitaka, are a series of mountains rising from the ocean, which would be an accurate description of the Maluku Islands, if one had first considered them to be mountains that had sunk into the sea. This sinking process was still ongoing during the life of Rama, assuming he lived approximately 8,800 years ago, as recorded by Pliny and Arrian,(5)Arrian (circa 150 A.D.) Indica, 9.9 and would not begin to subside until around 6,000 years ago. Beyond this chain of mountains rising from the ocean was the World of the Manes, which the explorers were prohibited from going to. Manes would translate as “Ancestors,” although in this case the ancestors had a sacred status. This World of the Ancestors would also correspond to the Paupan / Melanesian region beyond the Malay Archipelago. It is odd that the explorers would be prohibited from searching for Sita there, as if it seemed impossible that Ravana would go there. This Papuan / Melanesian region is the only place left on Earth were Denisovan DNA remains a significant part of the genetic makeup, at approximately 4-6%.(6)Ewen Callaway (22 September, 2011) “First Aboriginal genome sequenced” Nature News It was almost as if the World of the Ancestors was under some sort of quarantine that the Kolosan explorers didn’t want to violate.
References [ + ]
|1.||⇑||Encyclopedia Britannica: Pandya dynasty (Indian dynasty) www.britannica.com|
|2.||⇑||Slamet Muljana (2006) Sriwijaya|
|3.||⇑||Ruslan Sangadji (May 6, 2005) “C. Sulawesi’s Lore Lindu park, home to biological wealth” The Jakarta Post|
|4.||⇑||Pallab Ghosh (October 8, 2014) “Cave paintings change ideas about the origin of art” BBC News|
|5.||⇑||Arrian (circa 150 A.D.) Indica, 9.9|
|6.||⇑||Ewen Callaway (22 September, 2011) “First Aboriginal genome sequenced” Nature News|